April 22, 2023 Earth Day
Earth Day is the day dedicated to celebrating the environment and the protection of planet Earth. The United Nations celebrate this anniversary every year, one month and one day after the vernal equinox, on April 22nd. The celebration aims to involve as many nations as possible and today 193 countries are taking part. Earth Day was born, in fact, from the publication, in 1962, of the environmental manifesto book Silent Spring, by the American biologist Rachel Carson; later, in 1969, at a UNESCO conference in San Francisco, peace activist John McConnell proposed a day to honor the Earth and the concept of peace, first celebrated on March 21, 1970, the first day of spring in the northern hemisphere. Earth Day has become an educational and informational event. The ecological movements use it as an opportunity to evaluate the problems of the planet: the pollution of air, water and soil, the destruction of ecosystems, the thousands of plant and animal species that disappear, and the depletion of non-renewable resources (coal, oil, natural gas). We insist on solutions that allow us to eliminate the negative effects of human activities; these solutions include the recycling of materials, the conservation of natural resources such as oil and fossil gases, the prohibition of the use of harmful chemicals, the cessation of the destruction of key habitats such as wet forests and the protection of endangered species.